Liberation Day (Afghanistan)

Liberation Day is a public holiday in Afghanistan, and it is observed on February 15 each year. The holiday marks the final withdrawal of the Soviet troops from Afghanistan on February 15, 1989.

In 1978, the communist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) seized the power during the Saur Revolution and established the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. The PDPA initiated social, symbolic, and land distribution reforms, which provoked strong opposition from the more traditional religious conservatives.

A civil war occurred in Afghanistan following the rebels and the brutal oppression. The United States and Pakistan supported the rebels, while the Soviet Union supported the PDPA regime. In 1979, the situation deteriorated after the assassination of the PDPA General Secretary. The Soviet Army invaded the country on December 24, 1979 to support the ruling PDPA, and that triggered the Soviet-Afghan War.

The Soviet troops along with the allied Afghan Army fought against large waves of rebels which were backed by external supports from countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, Pakistan and several others. After 9 years of fight, the Soviet Union eventually conceded and withdrew its troops. The complete withdrawal started on May 15, 1988 and ended on February 15, 1989.

During the war, about 2 million Afghans died, about 6 million people fled to the neighboring countries, and many villages were destroyed.

The following is the list of Liberation Day in Afghanistan from 2022 to 2026.

HolidayDateWeekday
Liberation DayFeb 15, 2022Tuesday
Liberation DayFeb 15, 2023Wednesday
Liberation DayFeb 15, 2024Thursday
Liberation DayFeb 15, 2025Saturday
Liberation DayFeb 15, 2026Sunday

Please check more public holidays in Afghanistan:

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