Unification Day (Bulgaria)

Unification Day is a public holiday in Bulgaria, and it is observed on September 6 each year.

Unification Day commemorates the unification of the autonomous Ottoman province of Eastern Rumelia and the Principality of Bulgaria in 1885.

In the 14th century, the Ottoman Empire conquered the Bulgarian Empire in the Bulgarian-Ottoman wars, which resulted with the collapse of the Bulgarian Empire. Various forms of armed struggle for independence against the Ottoman Empire took place in Bulgaria, and these uprising culminated the massive revolt in the late 19th century: the April Uprising.

The April Uprising happened in April 1876, and it was suppressed by the Ottoman authorities. However, it caused the international reaction, which further led to the Russo-Turkish War in 1877 – 1878. The Russian-led coalition won the war, which led to the Liberation of Bulgaria from the Ottoman Empire on March 3, 1978.

However, Eastern Roumelia was separated from the newly formed Bulgarian state and became an autonomous province within the Ottoman Empire according to the Treaty of Berlin (1878). Bulgarian citizens considered that is unfair and started peaceful demonstrations against the decision.

The Principality of Bulgaria and the autonomous Ottoman province of Eastern Rumelia were united on September 6, 1885.

The following is the list of Unification Day in Bulgaria from 2021 to 2025.

HolidayDateWeekday
Unification DaySep 06, 2021Monday
Unification DaySep 06, 2022Tuesday
Unification DaySep 06, 2023Wednesday
Unification DaySep 06, 2024Friday
Unification DaySep 06, 2025Saturday

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